Hans Rottenhammer Munich 1564-1625 Augsburg & Jan Brueghel the Elder Brussels 1568-1625 Antwerp (ARCHIVED)

Hans Rottenhammer & Brueghel - Apollo & Marsyas.png
Hans Rottenhammer & Brueghel - Apollo & Marsyas.png

Hans Rottenhammer Munich 1564-1625 Augsburg & Jan Brueghel the Elder Brussels 1568-1625 Antwerp (ARCHIVED)

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Apollo and Marsyas, 1599

Oil on copper, 10 x 13 ¾ inches (25.4 x 34 cm)

Signed and dated Gio. Rottenhammer, Venetia 1599

Accquired by the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge

After completing his apprenticeship in Munich in 1588 Rottenhammer spent some years in Rome. Here he established friendly ties with Jan Brueghel, who recommended him most warmly to his discerning patron, Cardinal Federigo Borromeo. In 1596 Rottenhammer moved to Venice and soon learned the Venetian figure style and rich colouring. The colour, grouping and drawing of the figures in Apollo and Marsyas owe much to Palma Giovanni and Tintoretto; indeed, Rottenhammer was greatly admired during the remainder of his career for his adaptation of the Italian grand style to the miniaturistic cabinet picture.

Rottenhammer and Brueghel never signed a painting jointly. Cardinal Borromeo however, in his patent letter founding the Ambrosiana, expressly refers to one item of his gift, the Winter Landscape with Angles, as a collaborative work by Rottenhammer and Brueghel. This and much other documentary evidence of their collaboration is fully set out in R. A. Peltzer, Hans Rottenhammer, Vienna-Leipzig, 1916. Apollo and Marsyas is signed by Rottenhammer alone, but the evidently begun in Venice and sent to Antwerp for Brueghel to supply the landscape. Other collaborations of this type include The Harrowing of Hell (signed J. Breughel, 1597) in the Alte Pinakothek. Munich, and three small landscapes of the Rest on the Flight into Egypt in Vienna, The Hague and Schleissheim.

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